How to check Website Accessibility in 2024

website accessibility 2024

In today’s digital landscape, where websites are the gateway to information, products, and services, ensuring accessibility for all users is not just a trend—it’s a necessity. Website Accessibility ensures that individuals with disabilities can effectively perceive, understand, navigate, and interact with web content. This guide will explore why website accessibility is essential and provide a straightforward six-step approach to checking it in 2024.

Understanding Website Accessibility:

What is Website Accessibility?

Website accessibility involves designing and developing websites to accommodate users with disabilities, including visual, auditory, physical, speech, cognitive, and neurological impairments. It ensures that everyone can access and utilize online content.

Why is Website Accessibility Important?

Beyond legal compliance, website accessibility promotes inclusivity and equal access to information and services. Accessible websites enhance the user experience for individuals with disabilities while improving usability for all users. Additionally, they tend to perform better in search engine optimization (SEO) and reach a broader audience.

How to Check Your Website’s Accessibility:

1. Learn the basics:

Learning the basics of WCAG and POUR principles puts you on the right track towards creating an inclusive and accessible website for everyone.



What is WCAG?

Think of WCAG as the blueprint for creating inclusive websites. It’s a set of technical guidelines developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) that outlines how to make web content usable for people with disabilities. These disabilities can range from visual impairments to cognitive difficulties, motor limitations, and more.

WCAG 2.1: These guidelines set the global standard for accessibility.

POUR Principles

It outlines four key principles:

  • Perceivable: All information and functionality must be perceivable by all users, including those with visual, auditory, or cognitive impairments. This means providing alternative text for images, captions for videos, and clear font styles and colors.
  • Operable: Users must be able to operate all interactive elements of the website using various input methods, including keyboards and assistive technologies. This includes ensuring elements are keyboard-navigable and providing clear instructions for interaction.
  • Understandable: Content should be clear, concise, and easy to understand for all users. Avoid complex language, jargon, and overly technical terms. Use consistent structure and terminology throughout the site.
  • Robust: Websites should be robust enough to be compatible with various assistive technologies and remain accessible even with changes in technology. This includes ensuring code is valid and semantic, and avoiding reliance on proprietary technologies.

2. Use online tools:

  • WAVE: Free, easy-to-use tool that highlights accessibility issues.
  • Axe: Open-source tool that integrates with browsers and developer tools.
  • Lighthouse: Built-in Chrome tool that analyzes accessibility, performance, and more.

3. Do a manual check:

  • Alt text for images: Describe images for people who can’t see them.
  • Keyboard navigation: Check if users can navigate without a mouse.
  • Color contrast: Ensure text is readable for everyone.

4. Get feedback from users:

  • Ask people with disabilities to test your website.
  • Conduct usability testing sessions.
  • Gather feedback through surveys or forums.

5. Keep up the excellent work:

  • Accessibility isn’t a one-time fix. Regularly check and update your site.
  • Use tools, manual checks, and user feedback to identify and fix issues.

Tools for checking website accessibility in 2024


Following these simple steps can create a more inclusive and user-friendly website accessibility check online experience.

1. Automated Testing Tools:

  • WAVE: Free online tool that provides visual feedback on accessibility issues. Great for a quick overview.
  • Axe: Open-source tool that integrates with browsers and developer tools. Offers detailed reports and can be customized.
  • Lighthouse: Built-in Chrome tool that analyzes accessibility, performance, SEO, and best practices. Suitable for all-around assessment.
  • SiteImprove: Paid tool with comprehensive accessibility reports, automated testing, and expert guidance.
  • Deque: Paid tool with advanced features like automated testing, manual audits, and training resources.

2. Manual Testing Tools:

  • Screen readers: Software that reads text aloud, simulating the experience of someone with visual impairments. Popular options include NVDA (free) and JAWS (paid).
  • Color contrast checkers: Tools that help ensure sufficient contrast between text and background colors for people with visual impairments. Examples include WebAIM’s Contrast Checker and APCA’s Color Contrast Analyser.
  • Keyboard navigation testing: Use your keyboard to navigate your website and ensure all interactive elements are accessible without a mouse.

3. Additional Resources:

  • Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG): The international standard for website accessibility.
  • W3C Accessibility Initiative: Provides resources and guidelines for making websites accessible.
  • A11y Project: Nonprofit organization promoting digital accessibility.


In conclusion, making your website accessible isn’t just a trend; it’s necessary in today’s digital world. By ensuring everyone can access your site, you’re fulfilling legal requirements, fostering inclusivity, expanding your reach, and improving user experience. Remember, accessibility isn’t a one-time fix; it’s an ongoing process. Utilize the tools, resources, and user feedback mentioned throughout this article to assess and improve your website’s accessibility continuously. Creating a genuinely open website for all contributes to a more equitable and inclusive online environment for everyone.